De Hackmeeting

(Diferencias entre revisiones)

Revisión de 14:14 4 feb 2009

Ejemplos de Falacias

  • Cutting people is a crime. Surgeons cut people. Therefore, surgeons are criminals
  • You claim that this man is innocent, but you cannot be trusted since you are a criminal as well
  • "You can't believe Jack when he says there isn't a God because he doesn't even have a job."
  • "Candidate Jane Jones's proposal X is ridiculous. She was caught cheating on her taxes in 2003."
   * "He's physically addicted to nicotine. Of course he defends smoking!”
   * "What do you know about politics? You're too young to vote!"
   * "You say that stealing is wrong, but you do it as well."
   * "He says we shouldn't enslave people, yet he himself owns slaves"

"You say the gap between the rich and poor is unacceptable, but communists also say this, and they believe in revolution. Thus, you believe in revolution."

"You say the gap between the rich and poor is unacceptable, but communists also say this, and therefore you are a communist. Communists are unlikeable, and therefore everything they say is false, and therefore everything you say is false."

   "That man was smartly-dressed and charming, so I'll accept his argument that I should vote for him" 
  1. Aaron will make a good racing car driver, because his friend is a good racing car driver.
  2. Citizens of Country X have won more nobel prizes/gold medals/literary awards than citizens of Country Y. Therefore, a citizen of Country X is superior to a citizen of Country Y.

"Basically everyone, economic experts included, supports the financial bailout and so must I."

  1. Since most people in the world eat meat, there are no ethical issues involved in meat-eating.
  2. Christianity is believed in by the greatest number of people in the world[2], so it must be true.
   If you do not believe that Jesus is Lord, you will be denied entry into Heaven.
   Therefore, Jesus is Lord. 
  • Every swan I have seen is white, so it must be true that all swans are white.)
  • Of course she is dumb, she is a woman.
  • If he's not inside, then he's outside.
   He's outside.
   Therefore, he's not inside. 
   If Queen Elizabeth is an American citizen, then she is a human being.
   Queen Elizabeth is not an American citizen.
   Therefore, Queen Elizabeth is not a human being. 

God exists, because the Word of God tells us so.

   If today is Tuesday, then I will go to work.
   Today is Tuesday.
   Therefore, I will go to work. 

Are you still beating your wife?

Would you be a nice guy and loan me five buck

Situationism is the intellectual framework of situationist movements such as the student protests in France in 1968

Our nation will prevail because God is great

More and more young people are attending high schools and colleges today than ever before. Yet there is more juvenile delinquency and more alienation among the young. This makes it clear that these young people are being corrupted by their education.

  1. All students carry backpacks.
  2. My grandfather is a student.
  3. Therefore, my grandfather carries a backpack.

America will never settle down; look at the rabble-rousers who founded it

   With a decrease in the number of pirates we have seen an increase in global warming over the same time period.
   Therefore, global warming is caused by a lack of pirates. 

"Women should stay at home, because women have always stayed at home

This is right because if you do not believe it, you will be harmed.

The student did exceptionally poorly last semester, so I punished him. He did much better this semester. Clearly, punishment is effective in improving students' grades.

you win the lottery jackpot. You are then charged with having cheated, for instance with having bribed lottery officials. At the trial, the prosecutor points out that winning the lottery without cheating is extremely unlikely, and that therefore your being innocent must be comparably unlikely.

  1. "If you want to lose weight, your best bet is to follow the latest diet."


Person A travels through Town X for the first time. He sees 10 people, all of them children. Person A returns to his town and reports that there are no adult residents in Town X.

all the band members (constituent parts) are highly skilled, therefore the band (composite item) is highly skilled

   Something must be done.
   This is something
   Therefore, this must be done 

It doesn't matter if I get myself into debt. If I play the lottery enough, some day I'll win the jackpot, and then I can pay off all my debts.

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